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See [[Wikipedia:Police Officer|Police Officer]] on Wikipeida.
A '''police officer''' (also known as a '''policeman''' or '''policewoman''', and '''constable''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Police_Officer_Ranks in some forces], particularly in the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_Kingdom United Kingdom] and other [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Commonwealth_of_Nations Commonwealth] nations) is a [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Warrant_(law) warranted] employee of a [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Police police force]. In the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States United States], "officer" is the formal name of the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Police_Officer_Ranks lowest police rank]; in many other countries "officer" is a generic term not specifying a particular rank, and the lowest rank is often "constable". Police officers are generally charged with the apprehension of [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Criminal criminals] and the prevention and detection of [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crime crime], and the maintenance of public order. Police officers may be sworn to an [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Police_oath oath], and have the power to [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arrest arrest] people and [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Police_custody detain them] for a limited time, along with other duties and powers.
Some police officers may also be trained in special duties, such as [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Counter-terrorism counter-terrorism], [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Surveillance surveillance], [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Child_protection child protection], [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Very_Important_Person VIP] [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Protective_security_units protection], and investigation techniques into major crime, including [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fraud fraud], [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rape rape], [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Murder murder] and [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Drug_trafficking drug trafficking].
Duties and functions
Responsibilities of a police officer are varied, and may differ greatly from within one political context to another. Typical duties relate to keeping the peace, law enforcement, protection of persons and property, and the investigation of crimes. Officers are expected to respond to a variety of situations that may arise while they are on duty. Rules and guidelines dictate how an officer should behave within the community, and in many contexts restrictions are placed on what the uniformed officer wears. In some countries, [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rule_making rules and procedures] dictate that a police officer is obliged to intervene in a criminal incident, even if they are off-duty. Police officers in nearly all countries retain their lawful powers, while off duty.

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